Sacroiliac joint (SIJ) is formed by sacrum and iliac bones, below the lumbar spine and above the coccyx (tailbone).
Sacroiliac joint pain is also known as SI joint dysfunction, SI joint syndrome, SI joint strain, and SI joint inflammation.
What are the Causes of Sacroiliac Joint Pain?
The exact cause of sacroiliac joint pain is unknown. The source of pain may be caused by:
– Hypermobility or instability (too much movement): pain is usually felt lower back or/and hip and may radiate to groin.
– Hypermobility or inflexibility (too little movement): pain is usually felt one side of the lower back or buttocks, may radiate down the leg.
– Direct trauma: car accident or fall
– Sport Injurieso or repeated stress during activities
– Arthritis: Degenerative arthritis, gout, rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis
– Leg length Discrepancy (one leg longer than other)
What are the Signs and Symptoms for Sacroiliac Joint Pain?
– Dull aching pain in the lower back, hips
– May refer pain to groin, thigh, buttocks (but rarely go below knee)
– Pain usually worsen with standing or walking
– Pain relief with lying down
Physiotherapy Treatments for Sacroiliac Joint Pain
Physiotherapy is often recommend as non-surgical, conservative treatment for sacroiliac joint pain.
As the cause of sacroiliac pain is often related to excessive or limited joint movement, our therapists will need to perform a initial assessment to determine the cause of pain and treatment will be plan accordingly to the condition.
Physiotherapy Treatments may include:
– Pain relief modalities: ultrasound, electrical stimulation, heat therapy
– Joint mobilisation/ manipulation
– Soft tissue release: massage
– Stretching and stabilisation exercises
– Sacroiliac joint belt to stabilise the SI joint
– Foot orthotics for leg length discrepancy
At heal360 Physioclinic, our therapist will monitor your progress to ensure you make the best recovery soon possible.