Plantar Fasciitis is a common foot pain condition. Sometimes also term as heel pain or arch pain.
It is a irritating pain at the bottom of the foot (plantar fascia). Plantar fascia is a thick connective tissue that runs from heel to toe. Plantar fascia’s function is to support the arch of foot by acting like a bowstring, shock-absorbing mechanism and stabilizes foot when toe lifts off.
Causes of Plantar Fasciitis:
– Foot arches problem (Flatfoot, High Arch)
– Overweight or sudden weight gain
– Repetitive loading onto foot (especially running long distance, uneven surfaces or downhill)
– Tight Achilles tendon or calf muscles
– Inappropriate footwear eg thin soles or lack of arch support
– Medical condition such as Arthritis, Diabetes
Symptoms of Plantar Fasciitis
Symptoms of pain usually develop gradually few days or weeks, but it can come on suddenly and severe pain.
– Sharp pain and tenderness at bottom of foot
– Mild swelling around foot and heel
– Most severe foot pain n the morning or after period of rest
– Prolonged walking or standing
How Physiotherapy can help in Plantar Fasciitis?
– Advice on proper shoewear and necessary orthotics insoles
– Physiotherapist can plan a series of exercises and stretches to decrease pain, improve flexibility and strengthen of foot muscles
– Ultrasound or electrical stimulation
– New Pain Relief Treatment: Shockwave therapy (ESWT)