Knee pain is very frequently encountered in all age groups, affecting performance in many aspects of their daily activities. It is important to make an accurate diagnosis of the cause of your symptoms so that appropriate treatment can be directed at the knee joint, muscles, nerve, ligaments or meniscus.
- Arthritis (Osteoarthritis, Rheumatoid, Gout)
- Cartilage degeneration or Tear – When muscular imbalance (excessive tightness or weakness) appears, or due to an injury, or overuse, the patella will not glide as smooth as before; the excess give and uneven pressure that builds up can cause wear and tear of the cartilage
- Chondromalacia Patella: Knee pain under kneecap due to softening of cartilage
- Ligament Injuries: Knee pain cause by ligament instability and discomfort. Eg Anterior cruciate (ACL) ligament, Medial collateral ligament (MCL), Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL), Lateral collateral ligament (LCL)
- Meniscus tear and injury
- Patella Tendonitis (‘Jumper’s Knee’): Inflammation of patella tendon
- Anterior Knee Pain (‘Patello-femoral syndrome’): Pain especially with stairs, walking, squatting, grinding, clicking, limitation of movement, knee stiffness, early tiredness, overall knee weakness.
- Dislocating Knee Cap
- Bursitis: Inflammation of bursa (lubricating fluid)
- Strains/ Sprains
- Baker’s Cyst: Swelling or fluid accumulation at back of knee
When do you need to seek Physiotherapy for your Knee Pain?
If you are unsure of the cause of your knee problem, or if you do not know the specific treatment recommendations for your condition, you should seek medical attention. Treatment of knee pain must be directed at the specific cause of your problem. Signs that you should be seen by a doctor or physiotherapist include:
- Inability to walk comfortably on the affected side
- Injury that causes deformity around the joint
- Knee pain that occurs at night or while resting
- Knee pain that persists beyond a few days
- Locking (inability to bend) the knee
- Swelling of the joint or the calf area
- Signs of an infection, including fever, redness, warmth
- Any other unusual symptoms
How can Physiotherapy help Knee Pain?
At Physioclinic, our Physiotherapist will identify the real cause of your knee pain, performing a thorough history and examination of your knee. There are usually several stages in the rehabilitation program:
1. Reduce pain and inflammation, and improve knee movement.
2. Increase knee flexibility and strength.
3. Return to previous daily and sport activities.
At Physioclinic, your Physiotherapist will decrease your pain and inflammation by various modalities, such as electrotherapy, ice, heat, Laser, and Ultrasound, and gentle manual techniques. Physiotherapist will also instruct you on bracing, taping, compression, and passive and active range of motion. Once the pain and inflammation subsides, you will be prescribed a specific exercise program that will increase the strength and flexibility of your hip and knee. Electrical Muscle Stimulation will help activate and re-educate the weak and inactive knee muscles and correct imbalance. If needed, you will also be trained on self-pain management, and how to control your knee position, to avoid further injuries.
Once your leg muscles are flexible and strong enough, your Physiotherapist will teach you how to resume all previous daily, including sport activities, with minimum impact on the knee joint and optimal patella function.
Our goal at Physioclinic is to protect you from another reoccurrence of the knee damage, while enjoying your routine activities, WITH NO PAIN.